moneran - Are organisms that typically reproduce by asexual budding or fission and whose nutritional mode is absorption or photosynthesis or chemosynthesis
What is a prokaryotic cell? A prokaryotic cell is a cell with no membrane-bounded nucleus.
What kingdom are the monera in? Prokaryotic organisms belong to the Monera Kingdom.
the Monera Kingdom include bacteria and archaea domains.
Bacteria in these domains include Glococapsa, Oscillatoria, Anaboena,
Staphylorcci, and Streptococci.
Functions of the following parts of the bacteria.
a. nucleoid - reproduction
b. pili - used to attach bacterium to another cell
c. cell wall – encloses the plasma
d. capsule – a polysaccharide or protein coating that some disease-causing bacteria secrete outside their cell wall
e. cell membrane – holds and regulates cell contents and communicates with other cells.
f. flagella – hair-like extension used to propel some cells through fluids
g. cytoplasm – material inside of a cell – hold the cell contents
is the purpose of the gram
stain? The gram stain is used to distinguish cell wall
construction. How does it
work? Stains thick peplidoglycan blue (gram positive).
Stains thin peplidoglycan red (gram negative).
Shapes of bacteria.
Rod - Bacillus
Round – Coccu
Spiral – Spirillum
Modes of nutrition found in prokaryotic cells.
a. saprophytic – Send out digestive
enzymes into the environment and then take up the resulting nutrient
b. chemosynthetic – Capable of oxidizing
inorganic molecules to obtain energy.
– A series of chemical reactions in which light energy is used to synthesize
organic molecules. Usually carbon
dioxide and water is synthesized into carbohydrates.
d. parasitic – Lives in or on a host and
Characteristics of cyanobacteria.
Cyanobacteria are photosynthetic prokaryotic cells that utilize
chlorophyll and release oxygen as a photocynthetic byproduct (sometimes called
What procedure was used to perform this task? Gram stain as described above.
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